FRIDAY, March 5, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — Seizures of illegal drugs fell sharply in the US throughout early COVID-19 lockdowns, however spiked as soon as stay-at-home orders eased.
Researchers studied seizures of marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin and fentanyl in 5 places between March 2019 (a 12 months earlier than the pandemic started in the US) by means of September 2020, six months into the pandemic.
Throughout that point, legislation enforcement officers made greater than 29,500 drug seizures in Washington/Baltimore, Chicago, Ohio, New Mexico and North Florida.
Seizures — notably of marijuana and methamphetamine — declined sharply in March and April 2020, when stay-at-home orders went into impact throughout the nation.
However after falling to a low level in April, drug seizures rose by means of the remainder of the spring and summer season as lockdowns had been relaxed, peaking in August.
After April, the load of medication seized elevated considerably, pushed by a surge in marijuana seizures.
The August 2020 peaks in marijuana and methamphetamine seizures had been greater than the earlier 12 months, however the researchers mentioned it is not clear whether or not that was as a result of the medicine had been extra out there or whether or not legislation enforcement officers had been “catching up” after a number of months of delayed seizures. The analysis was performed as a part of the U.S. Nationwide Drug Early Warning System (NDEWS).
“Though seizure knowledge will not be essentially the most sturdy indicator of the prevalence of drug use, it does function an indicator of drug provide and availability,” research chief Joseph Palamar mentioned in a New York College information launch. He’s chairman of the NDEWS scientific advisory group and an affiliate professor of inhabitants well being at NYU Faculty of Drugs.
Palamar famous that fewer seizures or decrease volumes of medication seized can mirror a disruption of provide chains.
The researchers did not discover any main adjustments in seizures of cocaine, heroin or fentanyl throughout the pandemic’s early months, however seizures of fentanyl slowly elevated over two years, unbiased of the pandemic.
“Future analysis ought to harmonize knowledge on seizures with different research of drug use, availability and overdoses in an effort to decide essentially the most correct image of drug use tendencies throughout the pandemic,” mentioned research co-author Linda Cottler, an epidemiologist on the College of Florida.
The findings had been revealed March 2 within the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
The U.S. Nationwide Institute on Drug Abuse explains drug abuse and addiction.
SOURCE: New York College, information launch, March 2, 2021